GPSK Modulation Definition

Abstract: Readers are presented with step-by-step derivations showing the operation of QPSK modulation and demodulation. The transition from analog communication to digital has advanced the use of QPSK. Euler's relation is used to assist analysis of multiplication of sine and cosine signals. A SPICE simulation is used to illustrate QPSK modulation of a 1MHz sine wave. A phasor diagram shows the impact of poor synchronization with the local oscillator. Digital processing is used to remove phase and frequency errors.